Average Western Diet increases prostate mortality rate

prostate cancerA new study published by the Prevention Research by the Harvard T.H. Chan School of and investigated the associated with prostate . The was associated with a lifestyle factor responsible for increasing the . Prostate is the second most lethal form of and the American Society (ACS) has stated that around one in seven men will be diagnosed with .

The research subjects consisted of 926 men, aged between 40-84, diagnosed with prostate and followed for 14 years. The men were provided with food-frequency questionnaires to collect information on their diets.

“There is currently very little evidence to counsel men living with prostate on how they can modify their lifestyle to improve survival. Our results suggest that a heart- may benefit these men by specifically reducing their chances of dying of prostate ,” said senior author Jorge Chavarro, assistant professor of and epidemiology at the Harvard Chan School.

During the fourteen year follow-up period, 333 participants died, with 56 of these deaths (17%) attributed to prostate . The study findings revealed that men who ate a predominantly were two-and-a-half times more likely to die from prostate and had a 67% increased of all-cause mortality compared with participants in the lowest quartile. In comparison, the men who follow a “prudent” diet closely had a 36% lower of all-cause mortality. Men with the highest tended to be older when they were diagnosed with prostate and had a lower intake of calcium and .

“Nevertheless, given the scarcity of literature on the relation between postdiagnostic diet and prostate progression, and the small number of disease-specific deaths in the current study, these associations, particularly those for disease-specific mortality, merit caution in their interpretation as well as further evaluation,” said Meng Yang.

Source

Dietary patterns after prostate diagnosis in relation to disease-specific and total mortality, Meng Yang et al., Prevention Research, doi: 10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-14-0442, published online 1 June 2015, abstract.

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