Blueberries contain anti-oxidant compounds called polyphenols. The researchers analyzed extracts from the wild lowbush blueberry, Vaccinium angustifolium Ait., against F. nucleatum. The polyphenol-rich extracts successfully inhibited the growth of F. nucleatum, as well as its ability to form biofilms.
Periodontists is caused by a gun disease which causes gums to be red and swollen and they bleed easily. The plaque hardens into tartar, and if left untreated the infection can spread beneath the gum line.
The blueberry extract blocked a key molecular pathway involved in gum disease and inflammation.
Amel Ben Lagha, Stéphanie Dudonné, Yves Desjardins, Daniel Grenier. Wild Blueberry (Vaccinium angustifoliumAit.) Polyphenols TargetFusobacterium nucleatumand the Host Inflammatory Response: Potential Innovative Molecules for Treating Periodontal Diseases. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2015; 63 (31): 6999 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.5b01525