Breakfast still the most important meal of the day

breakfastA new study published in the European Journal of Clinical has once again illustrated the importance of breakfast and that breakfast skipping can impact on metabolic responses.

The researchers investigated the breakfast habit of overweight women who habitually ate breakfast or habitually skipped breakfast. For the study, the habitual breakfast skippers ate a high-carbohydrate breakfast, a high-protein breakfast or continued to skip breakfast consecutively for three days. The habitual breakfast ate a high-carbohydrate breakfast or a high-protein breakfast consecutively for four days. On the fourth day of each pattern, the researchers measured the subjects’ , or blood sugar, levels throughout the day.

The study findings revealed that habitual breakfast skippers experienced poorer throughout the day when they consumed a high-protein breakfast, whereas those who typically ate a high-carbohydrate breakfast had improved after they ate a high-protein breakfast.

“Current scientific evidence shows that sustained in post-meal glucose is a strong contributor of poor glycemic control and is associated with an increased risk for the development of and cardiovascular complications.” said Heather Leidy, an assistant professor in the MU Department of and Exercise Physiology. “Because of the potential risk in the long term, identifying dietary strategies that individuals can begin when they are young to reduce post-meal in glucose might prevent the occurrence of and .”

“These findings may indicate an increased inability among habitual breakfast skippers to metabolize a large quantity of protein,” Leidy said. “Unfortunately, we don’t yet know how long someone who has been skipping breakfast needs to continue eating breakfast to experience benefits. However, our data would suggest that once someone begins to eat breakfast, they should gradually transition to a breakfast with more protein — or about 30 grams — to elicit improvements in glycemic control.”

The researchers recommend a daily breakfast containing 350-calorie with approximately 30 grams of protein.

Source

A Y Alwattar, J P Thyfault, H J Leidy. The effect of breakfast type and frequency of on glycemic response in overweight/obese late adolescent girls. European Journal of Clinical , 2015; DOI: 10.1038/ejcn.2015.12

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