Coconut oil controls fungal gut pathogen. Food a powerful ally in reducing the risk of disease

cpconutsA new study published by Tufts University has specified that controls gut bacteria that may cause health problems.

Candida albicans is a common fungal pathogen; part of the tract’s normal flora and regulated by the immune system. Systemic infections caused by C. albicans can lead to invasive candidiasis.The infection is most common among immunocompromised patients, including premature infants and and the fourth common blood infection among hospitalized patients in the .

The researchers analyzed the impact of and investigated the effects of three different dietary fats on the amount of C. albicans in the mouse gut: , beef tallow and soybean oil. The was fed a standard diet for mice. was selected based on previous studies that found that the fat had antifungal properties in the laboratory setting.

The findings indicated that a -rich diet reduced C. albicans in the gut by 90%, compared to a beef tallow-or soybean oil-rich diet.

even reduced fungal colonization when mice were switched from beef tallow to , or when mice were fed both beef tallow and at the same time. These findings suggest that adding to a patient’s existing diet might control the growth of C. albicans in the gut, and possibly decrease the risk of fungal infections caused by C. albicans,” said Kumamoto, Ph.D., a professor of molecular biology and microbiology at Tufts University School of Medicine and member of the molecular microbiology and genetics program faculties at the Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences.

“Food can be a powerful ally in reducing the risk of disease,” said Alice H Lichtenstein, D.Sc., director of the Cardiovascular Nutrition Laboratory at the Jean Mayer USDA Center on Aging at Tufts University. “This study marks a first step in understanding how life-threatening yeast infections in susceptible individuals might be reduced through the short-term and targeted use of a specific type of fat. As exciting as these findings are, we have to keep in mind that the majority of adult Americans are at high risk for , the number one killer in the U.S. The potential use of in the short term to control the rate of fungal overgrowth should not be considered a prophylactic approach to preventing fungal infections.”

“We want to give clinicians a treatment option that might limit the need for antifungal drugs. If we can use as a safe, dietary alternative, we could decrease the amount of antifungal drugs used, reserving antifungal drugs for critical situations,” said author Kearney Gunsalus, Ph.D., an Institutional and Academic Career Development (IRACDA) at the Sackler School in Kumamoto’s lab.

Source

Carol Kumamoto et al. Manipulation of Host Diet To Reduce Colonization by the Opportunistic Pathogen Candida albicans. mSphere, November 2015 DOI: 10.1128/mSphere.00020-15

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