A new study published by the Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee (ISIC) has revealed that coffee consumption at moderate levels reduces cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality by 21%. Coronary heart disease and stroke remains the primary cause of death across Europe, responsible for 51% of all deaths in women and 42% of all deaths in men.
The study findings reflect that optimal health protective effects are conferred by drinking 3-4 cops of coffee per day. Consuming three or four cups of coffee per day is associated with an approximate 25% lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to consuming none or less than 2 cups per day.
The results reflect a differentiation by area population as 2 cups of coffee per day may offer the greatest protection in a Japanese population, whilst 3 cups may provide the greatest protection in UK and US populations.
The researchers attribute the health benefit of coffee to the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of coffee, and the known association between coffee consumption and type 2 diabetes risk reduction as CVD mortality is typically higher in this group. The scientists suggest that fifty percent of cardiovascular disease cases in women could be reduced by modifying lifestyle choices. In males, a combination of 5 healthy behaviors (a healthy diet, moderate alcohol consumption (10 to 30 g/ day), no smoking, being physically active and having no abdominal fat) could prevent 79% of myocardial infarction events.
Crippa A. et al. (2014) Coffee consumption and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer: a dose-response meta-analysis. Am J Epidemiol. 180(8):763-75