A study presented at the congress of the European Society of Cardiology has specified that diabetes is linked to increasing the risk of heart disease. The research participants consisted of over 7,386 women included 1,941 aged 45 years and younger with MI who were compared retrospectively with two control groups: 1,170 healthy women in the same age range but with no MI history, and 4,275 women aged 63-64 years with MI.
“Cardiovascular diseases affect mainly the elderly, but for many years an increase in incidence has been observed in young people as well, regardless of gender,” said Prof. Hanna Szwed, one of its authors and head of a department of coronary artery disease at the Institute of Cardiology in Warsaw, Poland.
“The World Health Organization (wHO) estimates that cardiovascular diseases cause more than 52% of all deaths in women and the number continues to rise,” she said. “Up to 1% of all heart attacks are in young women.”
The findings specified that women with a history of mycoardial infarctions (MI) have the following prevalence of risk factors:
48.8% arterial hypertension (compared with 16.7%), 48.7% current smoking (versus 40.0%), 65.5% past smoking (versus 42,7%), 36.1% high cholesterol, or hypercholesterolemia (versus 12.5%), 22.3% obesity (versus 15.3%), 10.6% diabetes mellitus (versus 1.4%).
The strongest independent heart attack predictors were:
Diabetes, which increased MI risk six-fold
Arterial high blood pressure (four-fold)
High cholesterol (three-fold)
Current smoking (1.6 times).
The cardiovascular disease risk factor profile in a young woman (under the age of 45) with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), Maciej Beckowski, presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress, 31 August 2015, abstract.
European Society of Cardiology news release, accessed 28 August 2015 via AlphaGalileo.