A study by the University of Michigan Health System, examined the effects of a high fat American diet with and without consuming grapes. Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions that occur in combination consisting of increased blood pressure, a high blood sugar level, excess body fat around the waist or low HDL (the good cholesterol) and increased blood triglycerides; significantly increasing the risk for heart disease, stroke and Type 2 diabetes.
The results of this study revealed that a three months of consuming a grape enriched diet significantly reduced inflammatory markers throughout the body. The markers were associated with metabolic syndrome and were found in the liver and abdominal fat tissue. Consuming grapes also reduced liver, kidney and abdominal fat weight, compared with those consuming the control diet. Additionally, grape intake increased markers of antioxidant defense, particularly in the liver and kidneys.
“Our study suggests that a grape-enriched diet may play a critical role in protecting against metabolic syndrome and the toll it takes on the body and its organs,” said Mitchell Seymour, lead author of the study. “Both inflammation and oxidative stress play a role in cardiovascular disease progression and organ dysfunction in Type 2 diabetes. Grape intake impacted both of these components in several tissues which is a very promising finding.”
University of Michigan Health System. “Grape intake may protect against metabolic syndrome-related organ damage.”