A new study by the University of Southampton has linked both coronary heart disease and osteoporosis. The researchers from Southampton’s Medical Research Council Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit assessed symptoms of osteoporosis by visualizing multiple layers of the wrist bone by using high resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography.
People with a history of heart disease had substantially lower cortical volumetric bone mineral density in their wrist bone (the distal radius) than those without. The research participants consisted of 350 men and women, aged 70 — 85, who had enrolled on the Hertfordshire Cohort Study. The research finding revealed that cortical volumetric bone mineral density was lower among participants with coronary heart disease (or ischaemic heart disease) such as angina, heart attack or heart failure. The effect was more prominent in women than in men.
“This is one of the first studies to use this technology to explore bone geometry, density and microstructure in patients with heart disease,” said Professor Cyrus Cooper, Director of the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit and Professor of Rheumatology at the University of Southampton. The findings highlight the need to evaluate a history of heart disease in the management of osteoporosis in older people and further research is also needed to provide a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms which explain the link between osteoporosis and heart disease.”
J. Paccou, M. H. Edwards, K. A. Ward, K. A. Jameson, C. L. Moss, N. C. Harvey, E. M. Dennison, C. Cooper. Ischemic heart disease is associated with lower cortical volumetric bone mineral density of distal radius. Osteoporosis International, 2015; 26 (7): 1893 DOI: 10.1007/s00198-015-3132-z