Meals eaten away from home increase blood pressure.

bloodpressure A new study by Duke NUS Graduate Medical School is the first to show an association between and meals eaten away from home and revealed that can affect hypertension. The findings were based on the high salt and colorie content of meals eaten away from home.

The research subjects consisted of 501 university going adults aged 18-40 years located in Singapore. The data that was analyzed consisted of , , and lifestyle including meals away from home and physical activity levels. The association with hypertension was determined by evaluating the data on these factors.

Generally or hypertension is the leading factor for and an increased . Eating patterns associated with a lifestyle that is based on fast food meals reveal that young adults with pre-hypertension, or slightly elevated blood pressure, are at very high of hypertension.

The revealed that pre-hypertension was found in 27.4% of the total population, and 38% ate more than 12 meals away from home per week; while the gender breakdown showed that pre-hypertension was more prevalent in men (49%) than in women (9%). Those who had pre-hypertension or hypertension were more likely to eat more meals away from home per week, have a higher mean , have lower mean physical activity levels, and be current smokers.

“While there have been studies conducted in the United States and Japan to find behaviours associated with hypertension, very few have surveyed a Southeast Asian population,” said Dr. Jafar, who is from the Services and Systems Programme at Duke-NUS. “Our research plugs that gap and highlights associated with pre-hypertension and hypertension that are potentially modifiable, and would be applicable to young adults globally, especially those of Asian descent.”

Source

D. Y. B. Seow, B. Haaland, T. H. Jafar. The Association of Prehypertension With Meals Eaten Away From Home in Young Adults in Singapore. American Journal of Hypertension, 2015; DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpv027

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