The Mediterranean diet consists of higher consumption of fruits, vegetables, fish, legumes, and heart-healthy fats, while minimizing red meats, processed foods, and sweets.
“Many studies have found a favorable association between the Mediterranean diet and a variety of health outcomes, including those related to cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, and cancer, among others,” said Dr. Minesh Khatri. “There is increasing evidence that poor diet is associated with kidney disease, but it is unknown whether the benefits of a Mediterranean diet could extend to kidney health as well.”
The study participants included 900 individuals on a Mediterranean diet followed for 7 years. The study findings reflect that every one-point higher in a Mediterranean diet score, indicating better adherence to the diet, was associated with a 17% lower likelihood of developing chronic kidney disease. Dietary patterns that closely resembled the Mediterranean diet were linked with a 50% lower risk of developing chronic kidney disease and a 42% lower risk of experiencing rapid kidney function decline.
M. Khatri, Y. P. Moon, N. Scarmeas, Y. Gu, H. Gardener, K. Cheung, C. B. Wright, R. L. Sacco, T. L. Nickolas, M. S. V. Elkind. The Association between a Mediterranean-Style Diet and Kidney Function in the Northern Manhattan Study Cohort. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2014; 9 (11): 1868 DOI: 10.2215/CJN.01080114