New England Journal of Medicine recommends that EPA delays implementation of its decision to permit use of Enlist Duo and to label Genetically Modified food.

toxic chemicalA recommendation by the has focused on the environmental and public health safety hazard associated with genetically modified organisms. The vast majority of corn and grown in the United States are genetically engineered and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not require labeling of GM foods.

The International Agency for on Cancer (IARC) has classified , the most widely used on , as a “probable human carcinogen” and classified a second , 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), as a “possible human carcinogen.”

The use of genetically modified crops has resulted in increased resistance resulting in considerable tolerance to (Roundup). Roundup ready crops account for more than 90% of the corn planted in the United States and use has increased by a factor of more than 250 to 113 million kg in 2014.

The Environmental Protection Agency () has approved the use of Enlist Duo, a combination comprising plus 2,4-D to combat resistance. It will be marketed in tandem with newly approved seeds genetically engineered to resist , 2,4-D, and multiple other . The has specified that it anticipates a 3-to-7-fold increase in 2,4-D use.

The has offered two recommendations:

The should delay implementation of its decision to permit use of Enlist Duo and the National Toxicology Program should urgently assess the toxicology of pure , formulated , and mixtures of and other .

The FDA should label GM foods.


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