Nutrition prevents onset of depression

fruitA large scale study consisting of 15,093 particpants published in the Medicine suggests that a or other healthy dietary pattern, comprising of fruit, vegetables, legumes, and nuts and low in processed meats, prevents the onset of depression; according to published in the open access journal Medicine.

This is the first study linking healthy dietary patterns with depression. The scientists compared three diets: the , the Pro-vegetarian Dietary Pattern and the Alternative -2010. Sources of animal fats were negatively scored (meat and sweets), while nuts, (sources of omega-3 , vitamins and minerals respectively) were positively scored. Food questionnaires were used to investigate dietary intake at the start of the project and again after 10 years. One thousand five and fifty reported a clinical diagnosis of depression or had used antidepressant drugs after a median follow-up of 8.5 years.

A healthy nutritional profile was linked to greatest reduction in the risk of depression defines as a diet similar to the including items such as omega-3 , vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts and moderate present in the Alternative -2010 as well.

“We wanted to understand what role plays in mental health, as we believe certain dietary patterns could protect our minds”, said Almudena Sanchez-Villegas, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. “These diets are all associated with physical and now we find that they could have a positive effect on our mental health.”

“The protective role is ascribed to their nutritional properties, where nuts, legumes, (sources of omega-3 , vitamins and minerals) could reduce the risk of depression.”

Questionnaires to assess dietary intake were completed at the start of the project and again after 10 years. A total of 1,550 participants reported a clinical diagnosis of depression or had used antidepressant drugs after a median follow-up of 8.5 years.

The researchers saw a reduction in the risk of developing diabetes, with a noticeable difference when participants followed a healthier diet.

Source

Almudena Sánchez-Villegas, Patricia Henríquez-Sánchez, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Francisca Lahortiga, Patricio Molero, Estefanía Toledo, Miguel A. Martínez-González. A longitudinal analysis of diet quality scores and the risk of incident depression in the SUN Project. Medicine, 2015; 13 (1) DOI: 10.1186/s12916-015-0428-y

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