World Wide Pest Resistance to Monsanto Crops increasing.

Monsanto hyped the development of some of its genetically modified crop as pest resistant and marketed its GMO product world wide.

Reports have been coming in of a world wide failure and the evolution of insects that are no longer susceptible to the genetically engineered corn.

A recently published study in the Journal of Biotechnology, that analyzed the findings of 77 studies and eight countries from field data points to a common factor, the evolution of insects resistant to GM crops. 

 Of 13 major pest species examined, five were resistant by 2011, compared with only one in 2005, they found. The benchmark was resistance among more than 50 percent of insects in a location. Of the five species, three were cotton pests and two were corn pests. Three of the five cases of resistance were in the United States, which accounts for roughly half of BT crop plantings, while the others were in South Africa and India. 

There are also  early warning signs from four other cotton or corn pests in China, the U.S. and the Philippines. The  speed at which resistance developed was dependent upon the planting of non-BT crops on refugee land, as the genes that confer resistance are recessive, meaning that insects can survive on BT plants only if they have two copies of a resistance gene — one from each parent. Planting refugees near BT crops reduces the chances of two resistant insects mating and conferring the double gene to their offspring.

In Africa and South Africa one of the most destructive maize pests – the stalk borer – has figured out a way of safely feeding on genetically modified crops even when farmers apply the refugee land strategy in managing the new generation of hard-to-kill insects.

In India the Farmers Associates Pakistan (FAP) has urged the government to organize an ‘expert committee’ to look in to the reported attack of American Boll Worm on BT cotton varieties and to to examine how uncertified BT seeds came in to the country and is there any standards or regulations exist for such seeds. It said that this issue is more of governance than of legislation. If it is not addressed right now it can be a big threat in the future for a crop, which is most important for not only the agriculture but the national economy.

 Business Recorder (Pakistan) American bollworm attack on BT cotton: FAP urges government to form expert committee (9th July 2013)

NPR: As Biotech Seed Falters, Insecticide Use Surges In Corn Belt (9th July 2013)

Insect resistance to Bt crops: lessons from the first billion acres. Bruce E Tabashnik, & Yves Carrière1 Nature Biotechnology. Volume: 31 Pages: 510–521, Year published: (2013)

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