A study published in the open access journal has specified that eating yogurt may act as a preventative measure for type 2 diabetes. The research findings are based on an analysis of information on dairy food intake and health from over 195,000 health professionals over decades, during which time 15,000 participants developed type 2 diabetes.
The researchers caution that a clinical trial is needed to confirm the results but that the large sample size, high rates of follow up and repeated collection of data on diet, lifestyle and health in this study provide a good indicator of a preventative measure.
The total consumption of individual dairy products whole and skimmed milk, cheese and yogurt was analyzed. They found high consumption of yogurt was linked to a lower risk for developing type 2 diabetes – even after accounting for age, BMI and other chronic disease risk factors. These findings were pooled with results of other studies published up to March 2013 that had also looked at links between dairy food consumption and type 2 diabetes. It was found that eating one serving of yogurt a day was linked to an 18% reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes.