Alcohol consumption by mothers at the time of conception dramatically increases type 2 diabetes and obesity.

epigeneticsA new study by the School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Queensland, has revealed that alcohol before and after pregnancy, produces chronic health conditions in middle age.

Alcohol has an epigenetic impact and increases the long term metabolic health of children and adults increasing the of type 2 diabetes and obesity.

The scientists used a and monitored the offspring of the for . The research findings specified that the equivalent of five standard drinks consumed around the time of conception altered the development of the embryo.

“Before the egg implants, before any organs start to develop, alcohol somehow causes changes to the embryo,” said Dr Moritz, the lead author.

“Anything that affects fetal development can cause long term programming, which means offspring can be born with increased and susceptibility to disease later in life. “Monitoring the offspring of the laboratory , we found the of becoming obese and developing type 2 diabetes in early middle age dramatically increased”, said Dr. Moritz. “The usual factors of these two diseases are attributed to poor diet and lack of exercise, but our research showed exposure to alcohol around conception presents a similar to following a high-fat diet for a major proportion of life.”

Source

E. M. Gardebjer, S. T. Anderson, M. Pantaleon, M. E. Wlodek, K. M. Moritz. Maternal around the time of conception causes glucose intolerance and insulin insensitivity in rat offspring, which is exacerbated by a postnatal high-fat diet. The FASEB Journal, 2015; 29 (7): 2690 DOI: 10.1096/fj.14-268979

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