Gum disease has been linked to a number of health conditions including heart conditions. A new study has determined that another disease impacted by gum disease is prostatitis caused by an inflammation of the gland that produces semen.
“This study shows that if we treat the gum disease, it can improve the symptoms of prostatitis and the quality of life for those who have the disease,” said Nabil Bissada, chair of Case Western Reserve’s Department of Periodontics.
The research participants consisted of 27 men aged 21 years and older. The tests consisted of needle biopsies to confirm the inflammation of prostate gland, blood tests that revealed increased prostate specific antigen (PSA) and dental exams. High levels of PSA are increased with inflammation and cancer.
The results were analyzed for prostate disease factors and by answering questions on the International-Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) test about their quality of life and possible urination issues. Research findings revealed that 21 of the 27 participants had no or mild inflammation, but 15 had biopsy-confirmed malignancies. The study confirmed a distinct correlation between gum disease, level of inflammation and prostatitis.
As the gum disease was treated the level of inflammation in the prostate decreased. Those with the highest levels of inflammation benefited the most from the periodontal treatment, suggesting tht gum disease has a significant impact on diverse health conditions. Six participants showed no changes.
Periodontal Treatment Improves Prostate Symptoms and Lowers Serum PSA in Men with High PSA and Chronic Periodontitis Alwithanani N, Bissada NF, Joshi N, Bodner D, Demko C, et al. (2015) Dentistry 5:284. doi: 10.4172/2161-1122.1000284
Case Western Reserve dental researchers Nishant Joshi, Catherine Demko and Robert Skillicorn; and University Hospitals Case Medical Center researchers Donald Bodner, Lee Ponsky, Sanjay Gupta and Gregory T. MacLennan contributed to the study.