The Harvard School of Public Health in Boston,and the School of Clinical Medicine at the University of Cambridge in the UK has linked soda consumption with type 2 diabetes and an unhealthy life-style. It is estimated that approximately 29.1 million in the US have diabetes.
The first study conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of 17 observational studies involving 38,253 cases with type 2 diabetes.
The research findings specified an 18% increased risk of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, with a combination of low birth weight and an unhealthy lifestyle in adulthood. It is estimated that regular consumption of sugary drinks may account for around 2 million new cases of type 2 diabetes in the US and 80,000 new cases in the UK over the 10-year period.
The second study analyzed data from three ongoing trials involving 149,794 healthy men and women. The research participants were followed for a period of 20-30 years, medical questionnaires were completed after every 2 years and the birth weight was recorded.
An unhealthy lifestyle score was given to each subject, calculated using five lifestyle factors: smoking, diet, physical activity, alcohol consumption and body mass index (BMI).
Low birth weight and an unhealthy lifestyle in adulthood were associated with greater risk of type 2 diabetes defined as 59% for an unhealthier lifestyle, 22% for a low birth weight and 18% for a combined low birth weight and an unhealthy lifestyle.
Consumption of sugar sweetened beverages, artificially sweetened beverages, and fruit juice and incidence of type 2 diabetes: systematic review, meta-analysis, and estimation of population attributable fraction, Fumiaki Imamura et al., The BMJ, doi:10.1136/bmj.h3, published online 21 July 2015.
Birth weight and later life adherence to unhealthy lifestyles in predicting type 2 diabetes: prospective cohort study, Yanping Li et al., The BMJ, doi:10.1136/bmj.h3, published online 21 July 2015.